1. Biotechnology: In the past few decades, researchers have been gradually integrating two of the STEM categories: science and technology. By doing so, they have been able to change the world in profound ways. For example, Diabetes is a relatively common disease that results in high blood sugar levels. One of the underlying causes is that the human body cannot produce enough insulin or that it produces defective insulin. Scientists were able to put the insulin gene inside bacteria so that the bacteria, in turn, could produce insulin. This was a notable breakthrough that allowed insulin to be produced in large enough quantities to treat millions of diabetic patients. Biotechnology has incredible potential and there are many career opportunities. 2. Bioinformatics: Bioinformatics is a relatively new field that integrates both math and science. With technology that allows us to sequence the human genome and the genomes of other organisms, new analytical processes are also needed to help us analyze this newfound data. Bioinformatics uses high-tech computer software to collect and analyze extremely complex biological data. This area of study incorporates computer science and mathematics to create a field that complements the techniques that scientists have developed to learn about disease, genes, and proteins, etc.
3. Stem Cell Research: In the past few years, stem cells have become a big topic of discussion. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells, meaning that they are cells that have not specialized yet. Thus, stem cells have the capacity to become any type of cell: myocytes (muscle cells), epithelial cells, neurons, etc. For this reason, stem cells have incredible potential. In this field of study, researchers are hoping that stem cells will be able to replace damaged cells, treat disease, and even grow into new organs. Stem cell therapy is already being used to to treat arthritis, heart failure, and other relatively common diseases. It is an exciting new area of study that has the potential to significantly improve people's health.
4. Video Game Design: The development of new computer hardware and software, widespread high speed internet access, and proliferation of smartphones have all sparked a revolution in the video game industry. For example, the rise of virtual reality has given video game developers an entirely new platform to create content. Virtual reality is the computer-generated simulation of a 3-D image. People have the sensation that they are in a different world. Currently, virtual reality is being used by gamers around the world, but it is slowly being adopted by the military and medical professionals as it offers them a lifelike way to train. Video game designers not only need to be creative, but they also need to have a background in computer programming and electronics. Designers usually specialize in one area such as sound, video graphics, or character design.